February 14, 1864: Reaching Meridian

General Andrew Jackson Smith
Andrew Jackson Smith

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Sherman’s report of his expedition to Meridian, MS, largely under the command of A.J. Smith. They reached Meridian on February 14, 1864, where they destroyed railroads and other resources according to plan.

Official Records:


Captain L. M. DAYTON,
Aide-de-Camp.
Itinerary of the Sixteenth Army Corps, January 26-March 10.*

The Third Division, Brigadier General A. J. Smith, and Twenty-fifth Indiana, Thirty-second Wisconsin, Twenty-fifth Wisconsin, Seventeenth New York, and Thirty-fifth New Jersey Volunteers, and Company D, Second Illinois Light Artillery, of the Fourth Division, embarked from Columbus, Ky., and Memphis, Tenn.; disembarked at Vicksburg, Miss., and with part of the Seventeenth Army Corps left Vicksburg on the 3rd, marching on Meridian, Miss., via Clinton, Jackson, Brandon, and Hillsborough.

February 14, arrived at Meridian.

February 15 to 18, inclusive, were devoted to the destruction of the railroads and public property of the enemy at Meridian, east some 15 miles and north some 20 miles.

February 20, the troops of this corps marched on return via Marion, on Mobile and Ohio Railroad, through Union and Hillsborough.
February 26, arrived at Canton.

February 27 to 29, remained at Canton, Miss. the Second and Third Brigades, First Division, embarked at Memphis and arrived at Vicksburg too late to join the column, and, by order of Major General W. T. Sherman, went into camp on Big Black River to cover bridges on Jackson road. The cavalry division of this corps reported directly to Brigadier General William Sooy Smith, chief of cavalry, Military Division of the Mississippi, during the month of February, and the report of the march and operations of the division with the cavalry expedition into Mississippi was rendered to general Smith. The Second Division and part of the Fourth Division are in the field at and near Pulaski, Tenn.

March 1, the Third Division, Brigadier General A. J. Smith commanding, and the Thirty-second Wisconsin, Twenty-fifth Wisconsin, Seventeenth New York, Thirty-fifth New Jersey Volunteers, and Company D. Second Illinois Light Artillery, of Fourth Division,
Brigadier General J. C. Veatch commanding, struck camp at Canton, Miss., marching on return to Vicksburg.

March 4, took up the Second and Third Brigades, of First Division, from camp on Big Black River and arrived at Vicksburg.

March 10, at Vicksburg the Third Division and Second and Third Brigades of First Division, under command of Brigadier General A. J. Smith, embarked on an expedition up red River against Shreveport. Brigadier General Veatch, with the Thirty-second Wisconsin, Twenty-fifth Wisconsin, Seventeenth New York, Thirty-fifth New Jersey Volunteer, and Company D, Second Illinois Light Artillery, embarked at Vicksburg and proceeded via Cairo and Tennessee River to join the Fourth Division at Athens, Ala.

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