February 27, 1861: Peace Conference adjourns.

From the Richmond Daily Dispatch: “Mr. Franklin,” who proposed this substitute set of resolutions, appears to be Thomas E. Franklin of Pennsylvania, but I can’t find out anything else about him. As you’ll see, the resolutions still amount to the Crittenden Compromise – renewing the Missouri Compromise line, no interference with slavery in territories or Federal possessions, guarantees of enforcement of the fugitive slave law, and, as a sop to the border states, continued prohibition of the slave trade. There was no chance at this point that this would go anywhere in Congress, and the “old gentlemen” started to head for home.


Report of the Peace Conference.
the Franklin substitute adopted!

Washington, Feb. 27.

–the Peace Conference has passed, by a vote of 9 to 8, the sub-substitute of Mr. Franklin. The following is the document:

1. Sec. 1st. In all the present Territory of the United Sates North of the parallel of 30 degrees, 30 minutes of North latitude, involuntary services, except in punishment for crime. is prohibited. In all the present Territory, South of that line, the status of persons held to service or labor, as it now exists, shall not be changed.– Nor shall any law be passed by Congress or the Territorial Legislature to hinder or prevent the taking of such persons from any of the States of this Union to said Territory, nor to impair the rights arising from said relation; but the same shall be subject to judicial cognizance in the Federal Courts according to the course of the common law. When any Territory north or south of said line, with such boundary as Congress may prescribe. shall contain a population equal to that required for a member of Congress, it shall. if its form of government be republican, be admitted into the Union on an equal footing with the original States. with or without involuntary servitude, as the Constitution of such State may provide.

2. Sec. 2. Territory shall not be acquired by the United States, unless by treaty; nor, except for naval and commercial stations and depots, unless such treaty shall be ratified by four-fifths of all the members of the Senate.

3. Sec. 3. Neither the Constitution, nor any amendment thereof, shall be constructed to give Congress power to regulate, abolish or control with in any State or Territory of the United States. the relation established or recognized by the laws thereof touching persons bound to labor or involuntary service therein, nor to interfere with or abolish involuntary service in the District of Columbia without the consent of Mary land and without the consent of the owners, or making the owners who do not consent just compensation; nor the power to interfere with or prohibit representatives and others from bringing with them to the city of Washington, retaining and taking away, persons so bound to labor; nor the power to interfere with or abolish involuntary service in places under the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States within those States and Territories where the same is established or recognized; nor the power to prohibit the removal or transportation, by land, sea, or river, of persons held to labor or involuntary servitude in any State or Territory of the United States to any other State or Territory thereof where it is established or recognized by law or usage; and the right during transportation of touching at ports, shores, and landings, and of landing in case of distress, shall exist. Nor shall Congress have power to authorize any higher rate of taxation on persons bound to labor than on land.

4. Sec. 4. The third paragraph of the second section of the fourth article of the Constitution, shall not be construed to prevent any of the States, by appropriate legislation, and through the action of their judicial and ministerial officers, from enforcing the delivery of fugitives from labor to the person to whom such service or labor is due.

5. Sec. 5. The foreign slave trade and the importation of slaves into the United States and their Territories, from places beyond the present limits thereof, are forever prohibited.

6. Sec. 6. The first, third and fifth sections, together with this section six of these amendments, and the third paragraph of the second section of the first article of the Constitution, and the third paragraph of the second section of the fourth article thereof, shall not be amended or abolished without the consent of all the States.

7. Sec. 7. Congress shall provide by law that the United States shall pay to the owner the full value of his fugitive from labor in all cases where the marshal, or other officer, whose duty it was to arrest such fugitive, was prevented from so doing by violence, or when intimidation from mobs or riotous assemblages, or when, after arrested, such fugitive was rescued by force, and the owner thereby prevented and obstructed in the pursuit of his remedy for the recovery of such fugitive.

It is reported that the Virginia and North Carolina delegations are divided, a majority in each being against the substitute. This report is not, however, authentic.

The Conference has adjourned.

[second Dispatch.]

Washington, Feb, 27.
–The propositions before the Congress were voted on by sections.

The first section, with reference to dividing the territory, was adopted by one majority. — Indiana did not vote: Kansas and New York divided; North Carolina, Virginia and Missouri voted in the negative. The delegations of Virginia and North Carolina stood, respectively, 3 against and 2 for the propositions.–Virginia would have voted against the plan as a whole, had it been submitted as such.

Ex-President Tyler presented the proposition to both houses of Congress, but the letter was not laid before the House officially.

Messrs. Tyler, Seddon and Rives return to Richmond to-morrow. The others remain.

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