December 31, 1860: South Carolina authorizes raising regiments

From the journal of the South Carolina Secession Convention, Monday, December 31, 1860:

The following communication was received from his Excellency the Governor, and on motion of Mr. DeTreville, the communication and the accompanying resolutions were made the special order of the day for this day, at eleven o’clock, A. M., in connection with the resolutions offered by Mr. DeTreville, on the same subject:


31 December, 1860. To the President and Delegates of the Convention :

I received the resolution in relation to raising and enlisting two regiments of infantry; and after full consultation with the Executive Council, I herewith enclose the resolutions we agreed to.

And I most respectfully urge the adoption of the principles and plan suggested in the same as a measure well calculated to advance the public service.


The resolutions referred to in the message of his Excellency the Governor are as follows :

Resolved, That the Governor be authorized and requested forthwith to cause to be enlisted into the service of the State, for the term of twelve months, at such rates of compensation and emolument as are now allowed by the Federal Government, one regiment of 640 privates, to be divided into eight companies, and that he appoint suitable persons to command the said regiment and companies, and from time to time to supply vacancies, subject to the approval of the Senate; the said officers to be entitled to the same pay and emoluments as is allowed by the Federal Government to officers of similar grade in that service. And that the Governor be also authorized, whenever the public interest may, in his opinion, require it, to enlist for a period not exceeding twelve months, another regiment, with a like number of officers and privates, and like pay and emoluments, the officers to be appointed in the same manner as the former.
2. That the Governor be also authorized to appoint three or more engineers, and to organize a corps as soon as the same can be done; the rank of the chief to be that of a captain of engineers, and the pay and emoluments to be the same as are allowed by the Federal Government to officers of the like employment and rank.
3. Resolved, further, That as soon as a sufficient number of companies shall be enlisted, officered and properly drilled, they be employed to relieve the volunteers now in the possession of the forts in-this State.
On motion of Mr. DeTreville, the Convention proceeded to the consideration of the communication of his Excellency the Governor, and the accompanying resolutions, together with the resolutions on the same subject offered by Mr. DeTreville; which had been made the special order of the day for, this day, at eleven o’clock, A. M.
On motion of Mr. DeTreville, the resolutions offered by Mr. DeTreville were ordered to lie on the table; and .the resolutions accompanying the message of his Excellency the Governor were taken up.
Mr. Hanckel moved that the second resolution be stricken out; which motion was not agreed to.
On motion of Mr. Chesnut, the following words were added to the third resolution : “Or otherwise, at the discretion of the Commanderin-Chief.”
On motion of Mr. Magrath, the first resolution was amended by adding: “And armed in such manner and for such service as the Governor may approve.”
Mr. DeTreville offered the following amendment, which was agreed to:

4. That as soon as either of the said regiments shall be organized, they shall be subject to such of the rules and articles of war at present known and used in the army of the United States, as may be approved by the Governor of this State.
Mr. McCrady offered the following amendment to the first resolution ; which, on motion of Mr. E. M. Seabrook, was ordered to lie on the table :
Strike out “for the term of twelve months” and insert in lieu thereof: ” during the pleasure of the State, not less than one year nor more than five years.”
The resolutions, as amended, were agreed to; and a copy thereof transmitted do his Excellency the Governor.

I believe the two regiments authorized here would be the 1st and 2nd South Carolina Volunteer Infantry. Both would take part in the bombardment of Ft. Sumter.

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