Category Archives: Secession

January 13, 1865: Lunacy

As we’ve seen, late in the war proposals were made in several venues that slaves should be enlisted to take up arms for the Confederacy, in return for the promise of freedom. What did the editor of the Charleston Mercury, … Continue reading

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December 28, 1864: Seceding from the Confederacy

Sherman responds to a group of Unionist Georgians who wish to put themselves under the protection of the Union forces. Other sources note that Tattnall County, one of the two mentioned here, was anti-secession from the start. Official Records: HEADQUARTERS … Continue reading

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September 22, 1862: Free black men in Ohio

The Richmond Daily Dispatch reproduces a report from an Ohio paper complaining about freedmen “degrading white labor”. First fruits of Africanizing Ohio. –Several farmers of the Abolition persuasion in Athens County–we might mention Pedro and Simpson — have negroes employed … Continue reading

Posted in Abolitionism, Ohio, Secession, Slavery | 1 Comment

November 30, 1861: States can secede; counties can’t.

Slave population as percent of total, Arkansas, 1860 census The principle of secessionism had to be kept firmly in check in the South, where some areas had strong Union sympathies. West Virginia had already seceded from Virginia to form a … Continue reading

Posted in Arkansas, Secession, Spies | 2 Comments

November 16, 1861: Slaves throw a Confederate benefit

In Selma, slaves throw a benefit ball for their masters. “This will prove an interesting item to the miserable fanatics at the North who have been very confidently anticipating an insurrection,” the Tennessee Baptist gloats. Of course, slaves in the … Continue reading

Posted in Alabama, Secession, Slavery | 3 Comments

July 29, 1861: Confederates don’t like secession

The Confederacy espoused the right of secession, but only insofar as it could be used to preserve slavery. Secession was a right of states, not of parts thereof — especially when those parts were controlled by non-slaveowners who had no … Continue reading

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May 20, 1861: North Carolina secedes – but doesn’t revolt

Francis Burton Craige George Edmund Badger North Carolina became the last state to secede. From the journal of the North Carolina Secession Convention: First an ordinance was introduced by George E. Badger listing causes, and declaring the state independent: An … Continue reading

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May 6: More states secede

Alexander Stephens In Montgomery on May 7, 1861, Alexander Stephens had an optimistic report on the progress of secession. The New York Times reported on it: ANOTHER SPEECH BY A.H. STEPHENS. RESULT OF HIS MISSION TO VIRGINIA — FURTHER DESIGNS … Continue reading

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April 1, 1861: Economics of slavery

As The American Civil War pointed out the other day, the Richmond Daily Dispatch was trying hard to drum up support for secession in Virginia. Here the editor touts the economic benefits of slavery, though I think he’s neglected to … Continue reading

Posted in Secession, Slavery, Virginia | 3 Comments

March 21, 1861: The Cornerstone Speech

Alexander Stephens, the new vice-president of the Confederacy, gave a speech in Savannah in which he talked about the merits of the new constitution, and the prospects of success of the Confederacy as a nation. One aspect of the constitution … Continue reading

Posted in Alexander Stephens, Causes of the war, Confederacy, Georgia, Secession, Slavery | 2 Comments