Category Archives: Racism

April 5, 1866: Supporting Presidential Reconstruction

The April 5, 1866 Cape Girardeau Argus reported that an overflow crowd packed the Jackson courthouse to meet in support of President Johnson. The report below gives the resolutions that were passed by this group. In short, they’re for Presidential … Continue reading

Posted in Emancipation, Freedmen, Missouri, Racism, Reconstruction | Leave a comment

November 23, 1865: Universal Suffrage?

John Mercer Langston The Cape Girardeau Argus of November 23, 1865 was mainly devoted to discussion of the proposed gravel road connecting Cape Girardeau and Bloomfield, but it did find room to quote a rival paper and take a poke … Continue reading

Posted in Franchise, Racism, Reconstruction | Leave a comment

May 18, 1865: Jim Crow in Philadelphia

A black man attempts to claim his rights in Pennsylvania. THE RIGHTS OF COLORED CITIZENS.; Curious Affair in Philadelphia. PHILADELPHIA, Wednesday, May 17 — 2 P.M. Last evening a colored man got into a Pine-street passenger car, and refused all … Continue reading

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May 6, 1865: Sherman advises against enfranchising black men.

Sherman writes to Salmon P. Chase to try to persuade him not to go forward with plans to enfranchise freed slaves. He feels that it will reignite the war. Official Records: HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI. Steamer Russia, Beaufort … Continue reading

Posted in J.M. Schofield, Racism, Reconstruction, Salmon P. Chase, William Tecumseh Sherman | Leave a comment

March 17, 1865: Lynching

The Richmond Daily Dispatch reports on an incident that foreshadows the world of Jim Crow. “Prompt and summary punishment,” and no time wasted on legal process. Daring Outrage. –In the county of Chesterfield, near Skinquarter meeting house, on Sundaynight, the … Continue reading

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January 12, 1865: Sherman on “Sambo”

As we’ve seen, Halleck wrote to Sherman to caution him about public perceptions of his attitude toward blacks. Here Sherman replies that it was Jeff C. Davis who turned the ex-slaves back at Ebenezer Creek, and he just needed his … Continue reading

Posted in Contrabands, Henry Halleck, Jefferson C. Davis, Racism, Sherman's March, William Tecumseh Sherman | Leave a comment

January 12, 1865: Freemen in Savannah

Secretary of War Stanton came down to Savannah, and he met with a group of black leaders to discuss with them what they wanted for their people. He took the opportunity to ask them how Sherman had treated them, as … Continue reading

Posted in Black Confederates, Contrabands, Edwin M. Stanton, Georgia, Racism, Sherman's March, Slavery, William Tecumseh Sherman | Leave a comment

April 13, 1864: Even more miscegenation

This item from the Richmond Daily Dispatch doesn’t use the newly coined term “miscegenation,” but “amalgamation” appeared in the same hoax pamphlet. Here the editor dismisses the loss of the Yankees (with their “patent medicines, puritanism, and pumpkin pies”) as … Continue reading

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April 5, 1864: Glee over the death of black soldiers

Sometimes the Richmond Daily Dispatch is hard to believe, even allowing for the different attitudes of the time. The negroes at the Olustee battle –A correspondent of the Savannah New, who was at the battle of Olustee, Florida, says of … Continue reading

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April 1, 1864: Yet more on miscegenation

As we’ve seen, the hoax pamphlet “Miscegenation” prompted extensive controversy in both North and South, just in time for the presidential campaign. The New York Times treated it as a joke, but some abolitionists took it as a serious, if … Continue reading

Posted in Abolitionism, Miscegenation, Racism | Leave a comment