Category Archives: John C. Pemberton

July 16, 1863: Trouble with parolees

General Pemberton is having some difficulty dealing with the huge numbers of paroled soldiers in his command, as Grant had hoped. They can’t fight, but they’re supposed to stay under military command and do nothing — not a good situation … Continue reading

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July 5, 1863: Implementing the surrender of Vicksburg

The surrender of Vicksburg was an involved process. Grant commandeered every printing press in town to print parole forms; the final total was over 29,000, which is a lot of paperwork. He also had to reiterate his terms with regard … Continue reading

Posted in James B. McPherson, John C. Pemberton, Mississippi, Slavery, Ulysses S. Grant, Vicksburg | Leave a comment

July 4, 1863: Vicksburg Surrenders

Having agreed to surrender on July 4, that morning Pemberton was still waiting for Grant’s response to his latest proposal of terms. Grant was firm on some points; nobody leaves without signing a parole, and officers get to keep baggage, … Continue reading

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July 3, 1863: Grant and Pemberton agree to terms

Pemberton appealed to Grant for terms of surrender. Initially, “Unconditional Surrender” Grant wanted to hold out, but he allowed himself to be persuaded to take the paroles of the rebel troops, saving a huge amount of transport capacity which would … Continue reading

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July 2, 1863: Now you tell me.

Jefferson Davis orders Kirby Smith, on the west side of the Mississippi, to cooperate with Johnston and Pemberton to defend Vicksburg. I rather thought he’d been trying to do that already, with rather little success. See for instance the Gaines’ … Continue reading

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July 1, 1863: Grant’s in trouble (as usual) at Vicksburg

The Richmond Daily Dispatch is back on the talking points again with this article. Apparently Grant is in trouble, without enough troops to protect his rear from Johnston. It’s a little hard to see how Johnston is supposed to join … Continue reading

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June 25, 1863: No fraternizing with the enemy.

Accounts of Vicksburg are full of descriptions of casual conversation between the two sides along the ramparts, particularly as the siege dragged on. Here Pemberton sends out a circular order to his generals to put a stop to such chat. … Continue reading

Posted in Carter L. Stevenson, John C. Pemberton, John S. Bowen, Mississippi, Vicksburg | Leave a comment

June 24, 1863: Pemberton and Johnston have Grant on the ropes.

Once again, the Richmond Daily Dispatch finds that Grant is on the verge of ignominious defeat. Johnston has been purposely delaying to let the pestilential Mississippi summer do his work for him, while Pemberton has brilliantly managed the defense of … Continue reading

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June 1, 1863: More optimism in Richmond

The Richmond Daily Dispatch continues to report the ongoing miracle at Vicksburg. While besieged, first they had food for four months, then for five, and now for six. Clearly their supplies will never give out, and soon they’ll be able … Continue reading

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May 31, 1863: Congrats to the men who sank the Cincinnati

As we saw earlier, the Confederate troops defending Vicksburg sank the gunboat Cincinnati. Here Pemberton passes his thanks to the troops for this feat. Official Records: Brigadier-General BOWEN, Commanding DIVISION: GENERAL: The lieutenant-general commanding desires to tender his thanks to … Continue reading

Posted in Gunboats, John C. Pemberton, Mississippi, Vicksburg | 2 Comments