Category Archives: Henry Halleck

May 10, 1865: Halleck to Stanton and Sherman

Halleck seems a bit two-faced, as he tells Stanton not to let Schofield command North Carolina, since he was involved in Sherman’s treaty with Johnston — then he writes to Sherman on the same day to tell him what a … Continue reading

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May 8, 1865: Sherman snubs Halleck

Despite their long friendship, Sherman refuses Halleck’s invitation to stay at his headquarters. Halleck’s order to disregard Sherman’s commands in the wake of his surrender agreement with Johnston still stings. I’ve reproduced that April 26 dispatch below. Official Records: HEADQUARTERS … Continue reading

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May 5, 1865: Arrest Extra Billy

Halleck orders the arrest of the Governor of Virginia, William “Extra Billy” Smith. Official Records: RICHMOND, VA., May 5, 1865-4 p. m. Major General W. T. SHERMAN, or Major-General SCHOFIELD: Endeavor to arrest Governor “Extra” Billy Smith. He is believed … Continue reading

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April 22, 1865: Halleck sends Grant to end Sherman’s truce

Halleck fears that Davis will attempt to escape with considerable amounts of gold, and Stanton informs him of Sherman and Johnston’s truce. Grant reports to Halleck that he’s on his way to North Carolina to meet with Sherman and revoke … Continue reading

Posted in Edwin M. Stanton, Henry Halleck, Jefferson Davis, Joseph Johnston, North Carolina, Ulysses S. Grant, William Tecumseh Sherman | Leave a comment

April 18, 1865: Sherman’s terms for Johnston

Sherman, having told everyone he planned to give Johnston the same terms that Grant gave Lee, sends this bombshell to Washington. Not only has he accepted the surrender of Johnston’s army, he has recognized the state governments of the southern … Continue reading

Posted in Henry Halleck, Joseph Johnston, Reconstruction, Ulysses S. Grant, William Tecumseh Sherman | Leave a comment

April 10, 1865: The excitement of victory

Halleck corresponds with Sherman about the anticipated surrender of Johnston. Official Records: HEADQUARTERS OF THE ARMY, Washington, April 10, 1865. Major General W. T. SHERMAN: MY DEAR GENERAL: Sergeant Rose brought me your letter and report yesterday. I have given … Continue reading

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April 7, 1865: Sherman’s plan

Sherman’s heading for Raleigh. Official Records: HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, In the Field, Goldsborough, N. C., April 7, 1865. Major General H. W. HALLECK, Chief of Staff, Washington, D. C.: GENERAL: I have the honor herewith to send … Continue reading

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January 12, 1865: Sherman on “Sambo”

As we’ve seen, Halleck wrote to Sherman to caution him about public perceptions of his attitude toward blacks. Here Sherman replies that it was Jeff C. Davis who turned the ex-slaves back at Ebenezer Creek, and he just needed his … Continue reading

Posted in Contrabands, Henry Halleck, Jefferson C. Davis, Racism, Sherman's March, William Tecumseh Sherman | Leave a comment

December 31, 1864: Black troops will garrison Savannah

Halleck has already urged Sherman to make a gesture toward the well-being of escaped slaves to improve his PR with northern abolitionists. Now a related dispute arises; Halleck wants able-bodied former slaves who followed Sherman to continue to serve as … Continue reading

Posted in Contrabands, Georgia, Henry Halleck, John G. Foster, Savannah, Sherman's March, U.S. Colored Troops, Ulysses S. Grant, William Tecumseh Sherman | Leave a comment

December 30, 1864: Sherman and the “negroes”

News of the incident at Ebenezer Creek, where Jeff C. Davis took up the pontoon bridge, abandoning hundreds of escaped slaves to recapture by Wheeler’s cavalry or drowning, has reached the north. Sherman is under considerable criticism from abolitionists in … Continue reading

Posted in Abolitionism, Contrabands, Georgia, Henry Halleck, Savannah, Sherman's March, William Tecumseh Sherman | Leave a comment