Category Archives: Union military

July 18, 1864: Sherman’s armies separated

Sherman’s troops are taking their positions around Atlanta. Thomas occupies the position just north of Atlanta, and is in the process of crossing Peachtree Creek; his IV Corps under O.O. Howard is crossing the tributary Nancy Creek. Schofield and McPherson … Continue reading

Posted in Atlanta, George Thomas, Georgia, J.M. Schofield, James B. McPherson, John Bell Hood, William Tecumseh Sherman | Leave a comment

July 16, 1864: Halleck writes a private note to Sherman

Halleck always thought more highly of Sherman than of Grant, and in a private letter to Sherman, he’s pretty strongly critical of Grant’s strategy. He blames Grant for letting Ewell threaten Washington, and thinks Grant’s made “a fatal mistake” in … Continue reading

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July 15, 1864: Grant’s master plan

Grant describes his overall strategy to Halleck. First, he wants all possible troops trained and ready. Sherman must get all the rail transport that can be found in order to keep him supplied. He views the fall of Atlanta as … Continue reading

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July 14, 1864: Sherman ready to cross, but don’t send any recruiters

Sherman’s daily report to Halleck includes a brief tirade about government hangers-on generally — “The Sanitary and Christian Commissions are enough to eradicate all traces of Christianity out of our minds” — but more specifically against sending recruiters. While the … Continue reading

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July 12, 1864: Sherman to Grant

Sherman hasn’t been communicating directly with Grant much during this expedition — here he explains his progress so far, with a bit of justification of his frontal assault on Kennesaw Mountain. Official Records: HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, In … Continue reading

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July 11, 1864: We have the advantage

Sherman is bridging the Chattahoochee, and pursuing Johnston closely. Official Records: NEAR CHATTAHOOCHEE RIVER, GA., July 11, 1864-7 a. m. (Received 9.15 a. m. 13th.) Major General H. W. HALLECK, Washington, D. C.: The enemy is now all beyond the … Continue reading

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July 10, 1864: Johnston’s crossed the Chattahoochee

Sherman got up on the morning of the 10th to find that his flanking maneuver had had the usual effect. Johnston withdrew once more, this time to Peachtree Creek. Sherman prepares to follow across the Chattahoochee. Official Records: HDQRS. MILITARY … Continue reading

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July 9, 1864: Poised to cross the Chattahoochee

Sherman’s troops have secured crossings over the Chattahoochee, and are threatening to flank Johnston. Sherman sent two dispatches to Halleck today, one the usual daily report, and one more personal in tone. Official Records: HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, … Continue reading

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July 7, 1864: Roswell burned, and sidling to the left.

Sherman reports to Halleck on the successful destruction of the factories at Roswell, and announces his plan to flank Johnston on the left for a change. And he throws in a reminder not to talk to the newspapers. Official Records: … Continue reading

Posted in Atlanta, Georgia, Henry Halleck, Joseph Johnston, William Tecumseh Sherman | 4 Comments

July 6, 1864: Sherman plans to encircle Atlanta

Sherman confronts Johnston north of the Chattahoochee. He isn’t going to try for a repeat of Kennesaw Mountain — he’ll travel all around Atlanta instead, cutting the rail supply lines until Johnston has to move. Official Records: Major General H. … Continue reading

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