Category Archives: Military

July 22, 1864: Battle of Atlanta

Sherman’s troops report that Hood has abandoned Atlanta. Actually, he’s sent Hardee around Sherman’s left in a night march for a surprise attack on McPherson’s left. Although McPherson suspected something and strengthened his left, the fighting was still fierce and … Continue reading

Posted in Atlanta, Georgia, Henry Halleck, James B. McPherson, John A. Logan, John Bell Hood, William J. Hardee, William Tecumseh Sherman | Leave a comment

July 21, 1864: McPherson is concerned about his left flank

Sherman orders McPherson to push westward from Decatur toward Atlanta, as his other armies join him to ring the city. McPherson, forming Sherman’s left flank, is concerned that Hood seems to be moving troops around his unprotected left. He’s moving … Continue reading

Posted in Atlanta, George Thomas, Georgia, J.M. Schofield, James B. McPherson, John Bell Hood, William Tecumseh Sherman | Leave a comment

July 20, 1864: Battle of Peachtree Creek

Hood, hoping to take advantage of Thomas’ separation from the rest of Sherman’s forces, attacked him in front of Peachtree Creek. Although the rebels did break through his lines once or twice, the attacks were repulsed, and casualties were approximately … Continue reading

Posted in Atlanta, George Thomas, Georgia, John Bell Hood, William Tecumseh Sherman | Leave a comment

July 19, 1864: Sherman closes in on Atlanta

Sherman sets out his orders for the attack on Atlanta. Schofield and McPherson are about to link up at Decatur; Thomas is still getting his troops across the creeks north of Atlanta. And both rumors and the Atlanta papers are … Continue reading

Posted in Atlanta, George Thomas, Georgia, J.M. Schofield, James B. McPherson, William Tecumseh Sherman | Leave a comment

July 18, 1864: Sherman’s armies separated

Sherman’s troops are taking their positions around Atlanta. Thomas occupies the position just north of Atlanta, and is in the process of crossing Peachtree Creek; his IV Corps under O.O. Howard is crossing the tributary Nancy Creek. Schofield and McPherson … Continue reading

Posted in Atlanta, George Thomas, Georgia, J.M. Schofield, James B. McPherson, John Bell Hood, William Tecumseh Sherman | Leave a comment

July 17, 1864: Johnston is out. Hood takes command.

The Confederate leadership can’t tolerate any more retreating — as one newspaper account said, it looked like he would be flanked to the Gulf. Johnston is relieved, and Hood, known for his bellicosity, is ordered to command the Army of … Continue reading

Posted in Atlanta, Georgia, John Bell Hood, Joseph Johnston | Leave a comment

July 16, 1864: Halleck writes a private note to Sherman

Halleck always thought more highly of Sherman than of Grant, and in a private letter to Sherman, he’s pretty strongly critical of Grant’s strategy. He blames Grant for letting Ewell threaten Washington, and thinks Grant’s made “a fatal mistake” in … Continue reading

Posted in Henry Halleck, Ulysses S. Grant, William Tecumseh Sherman | Leave a comment

July 15, 1864: Grant’s master plan

Grant describes his overall strategy to Halleck. First, he wants all possible troops trained and ready. Sherman must get all the rail transport that can be found in order to keep him supplied. He views the fall of Atlanta as … Continue reading

Posted in Atlanta, Georgia, Henry Halleck, Joseph Johnston, Ulysses S. Grant, William Tecumseh Sherman | Leave a comment

July 14, 1864: Sherman ready to cross, but don’t send any recruiters

Sherman’s daily report to Halleck includes a brief tirade about government hangers-on generally — “The Sanitary and Christian Commissions are enough to eradicate all traces of Christianity out of our minds” — but more specifically against sending recruiters. While the … Continue reading

Posted in Atlanta, Georgia, Henry Halleck, U.S. Colored Troops, William Tecumseh Sherman | Leave a comment

July 12, 1864: Sherman to Grant

Sherman hasn’t been communicating directly with Grant much during this expedition — here he explains his progress so far, with a bit of justification of his frontal assault on Kennesaw Mountain. Official Records: HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, In … Continue reading

Posted in Atlanta, Georgia, Joseph Johnston, Ulysses S. Grant, William Tecumseh Sherman | Leave a comment