Author Archives: Allen Gathman

May 13, 1865: North Carolina loyalists visit Johnson

The stream of Southerners begins to flow north to Washington, seeking to influence the course of reconstruction. RALEIGH, N. C., May 13, 1865. (Received 12. 30 p. m.) His Excellency ANDREW JOHNSON, President of the United States: Ex-Governor D. L. … Continue reading

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May 12, 1865: Union Pacific

The New York Times reports that the Union Pacific has finished 40 miles of track. The Union Pacific Railroad is now finished and in operation from the Missouri and Kansas State line to Lawrence, a distance of forty miles. When … Continue reading

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May 11, 1865: The Anti-Slavery Society doesn’t disband

Wendell Phillips ************************************ William Lloyd Garrison proposes that his Anti-Slavery Society disband, its purpose fulfilled. Frederick Douglass presciently points out that unfavorable legislation can re-impose slavery on black men in all but name. The society vote down disbandment, and elect … Continue reading

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May 10, 1865: Halleck to Stanton and Sherman

Halleck seems a bit two-faced, as he tells Stanton not to let Schofield command North Carolina, since he was involved in Sherman’s treaty with Johnston — then he writes to Sherman on the same day to tell him what a … Continue reading

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May 9, 1865: Antislavery Society — Garrison’s speech

The New York Times reports on the meeting of the American Anti-Slavery Society. After introductory prayers and hymns, Wendell Phillips spoke; next came William Lloyd Garrison, founder and president of the organization. He announced that abolitionism was over with the … Continue reading

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May 9, 1865: Antislavery society — Wendell Phillips’ speech

In the New York Times , the first meeting of the American Anti-Slavery Society after then end of the war was held in New York. The first speaker (after prayers and hymns) was Wendell Phillips. He celebrated the freedom of … Continue reading

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May 8, 1865: Sherman snubs Halleck

Despite their long friendship, Sherman refuses Halleck’s invitation to stay at his headquarters. Halleck’s order to disregard Sherman’s commands in the wake of his surrender agreement with Johnston still stings. I’ve reproduced that April 26 dispatch below. Official Records: HEADQUARTERS … Continue reading

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May 7, 1865: Chase advocates black suffrage

Chief Justice Salmon Chase wrote to Lincoln before his assassination advocating enfranchising freed slaves. Afterward, he had the letters printed up for distribution, and he sent copies to Sherman (see response yesterday), and to Schofield. Official Records: U. S. STEAMER … Continue reading

Posted in Abraham Lincoln, Franchise, J.M. Schofield, Reconstruction, Salmon P. Chase | 1 Comment

May 6, 1865: Sherman advises against enfranchising black men.

Sherman writes to Salmon P. Chase to try to persuade him not to go forward with plans to enfranchise freed slaves. He feels that it will reignite the war. Official Records: HDQRS. MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI. Steamer Russia, Beaufort … Continue reading

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May 5, 1865: Arrest Extra Billy

Halleck orders the arrest of the Governor of Virginia, William “Extra Billy” Smith. Official Records: RICHMOND, VA., May 5, 1865-4 p. m. Major General W. T. SHERMAN, or Major-General SCHOFIELD: Endeavor to arrest Governor “Extra” Billy Smith. He is believed … Continue reading

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