Dispatch to the Associated Press.
WASHINGTON, Tuesday, May 23.
The weather to-day was everything that could be desired for the unprecedentedly grand review of the Army of the Potomac. The atmosphere was pleasant, the sun shone with unclouded splendor, and the recent rains had laid the dust, putting the streets in good marching condition. Thousands of persons, including many from other cities, who have specially come hither to see the pageant, line the sidewalk from the Capitol to the Executive mansion, a distance of a mile and a half, while windows and balconies, and all eligible positions, including house-tops, were occupied, by deeply interested spectators. All public business was suspended, and there was a general holiday. The Capitol bore the motto, in large letters: “The only national debt we never can pay is the debt we owe to the victorious Union soldiers.” But few citizens were at home; they were nearly all abroad to witness the movement of the Army of the Potomac — the tens of thousands of tried veterans. The national flag flew high from all the public buildings, while from the windows on the line of the procession, the Stars and Stripes were profusely displayed.
The troops began to move from the north of the Capitol at nine o’clock this morning. At the latter place at least two thousand school-girls were assembled, neatly dressed in Summer clothes, and there was much pleasant excitement at among them in pressing forward to present flowers to the soldiers, who gallantly bowed their thanks. These children also sung patriotic songs.
The immense column moved in the following order:
Headquarters Army of the Potomac, Maj.-Gen. MEADE commanding; General Staff Headquarters; Squadron First Massachusetts Cavalry, Capt. HUNT commanding; Cavalry Corps, Maj.-Gen. MERRITT commanding; General Staff Headquarters Escort, Fifth United States Cavalry, Lieut. URBAN commanding; Third Cavalry Division, Maj.-Gen. CUSTER commanding. This officer was vociferously cheered at various points of the line, and was somewhat encumbered by wreaths and bouquets which had been presented to him,and which he appreciatingly carried with his left arm. Other officers were similarly honored by cheers, and floral gifts and the waving of handkerchiefs by ladies. Next follow the Second and First Cavalry Divisions, commanded respectively by Brevet Major Davies and Brevet Maj.-Gen. Devins, the Horse Artillery Brigade, the Provost-Marshal General’s Brigade and the Engineer Brigade. The troops composing these bodies were composed in large part from New-York, West Virginia, Vermont, Connecticut, Ohio, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and Michigan. Ninth Corps, Maj.-Gen. Parke commanding. The First Division commanded by Brevet Maj.-Gen. Wilcox; the Second Division by Brig.-Gen. Griflin; and the Third Division by Brevet Brig.-Gen. Curtin. These troops were from Wisconsin, Michigan, New-York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Maryland, Massachusetts, New-Jersey, Rhode Island, New-Hampshire, Vermont and Maine. Next followed a division of the Nineteenth Army Corps, commanded by Brig.-Gen. Dwight, including an artillery brigade, the troops being from Maine, New-York, Vermont, Connecticut and Massachesetts. The Fifth Corps, Brevet Maj.-Gen. Charles Griffin, commanding. The First Division commanded by Brig.-Gen. Chamberlain; the Second Division by Brevet Maj.-Gen. Ayres; and the Third Division by Brevet Maj.-Gen. Crawford. These troops were composed of volunteers from Pennsylvania, New-York, Maine, Massachuseets, Michigan, Maryland, Delaware, Wisconsin, with United States Artillery. Next came the Second Corps, Maj.-Gen. Humphreys, commanding. The First Division was commanded by Brevet Brig.-Gen. Ramsey; the Second by Brevet Brig.-Gen. Barlow, and the Third by Brevet Brig.-Gen. Mott. The troops were principally from New-York, Pennsylvania, Michigan, New-Hampshire, Massachusetts, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Delaware, Ohio, Western Virginia, New-Jersey, Connecticut, Maine and Indiana.
The troops, as they moved along Pennsylvania-avenue, presented a grand appearance, all arms of the service being represented in full force. The occasional insertion of a body of Zouaves served to relieve the sameness. The dark and light blue uniforms gave a fine effect to the spectacle. Looking up the broad Pennsylvania-avenue, there was a continuous moving line, as far as the eye could reach, of National, State, division, brigade, regiment, and other flags. Some of them were now, the stars of gold leaf glittering in the sun, and these contrasted strongly with flags borne in the procession, tattered in battle, or mere shreds. Other flags were thickly covered with names and dates of battle fields where victories were won by these proud veterans. The flag-staffs were decorated with flowers, and very many baquets hung from the muzzles of muskets. These troops did not, as to dress, present a war-worn appearance; they were all well and cleanly clad, and their fine marching elicited praise from every tongue. On the southside of the avenue, fronting the Executive mansion, a stand was hung handsomely and heavily festooned with national flags; at various points were the inscriptions: “Atlanta,” “Wilderness,” “Stone River,” “South Mountain,” “Shiloh,” “Vicksburg,” “Savannanh,” “Richmond,” “Petersburgh,” and “Coal Harbor.” This stand was in part occupied by President JOHNSON members of the Cabinet, Gens. Grant and Sherman, and other distinguished army officers. On the left were members of the Aiplomatic corps and their familes, two hundred tickets haaving been issued to this class of spectators. On the stands provided for the purpose were George Bancroft, and the following named Governors of States: Crapo, Buckingham, Andrew, Fenton, Fairchilds, Bradford, Curtin and Smith; Senators Wade, Sherman, Wilson, Johnson, Chandler, Harris, Hendrickson, Dixon, Foster, Morgan, Conness, Lane of Kansas; and Representatives Schenck, Hooper, Marston, Lynch, Hayes, Porter, Kelly, Jenckes, Loan, and Ex-Speaker Grow. There were at least thirty naval officers bearing the highest rank, and as many army officers, including Gens. Hancock, Wilcox, Cadwallader, Hitchcock, Newton and Rawlins. As corps and divisions passed in review of the President and Lieut.-Gen. Grant, their commanders severally left the column, and took seats on the platform. The Judges of the courts, the chiefs of the government bureaus, and other public officers, were similarly accommodated. The crowd in that part of the city was extremely dense, it being the main point of attraction, and the reviewing place, where were assembled the highest dignitaries. Gen. Custer rode a powerful horse, restive, and at times ungovernable. When near the Treasury Department, the animal madly dashed forward to the head of the line. The General vainly attempted to check his course, and at the same time endeavoring to retain the weight of flowers which had previously been placed upon him. In the flight, the General lost his hat. He finally conquered his horse, and rejoined his column. Passing the President’s stand he made a low bow, and was applauded by the multitude. Between the rear of the Ninth Corps and the advance of the Fifth Corps, there was an interval of ten or fifteen minutes. An immense number of persons rushed into the opening, which was in front of the stand occupied by President JOHNSON, Gen. GRANT and the members of the Cabinet, and gave each one repeated cheers. These gentlemen severally rose and bowed their acknowledgment of the honor. The troops occupied six hours in the review — from 9 o’clock in the morning until 3 o’clock in the afternoon. In military phrase the “cadence step” was taken from the Capitol to Seventeenth-street, from which point the various organizations proceeded on the march to their separate quarters. The review is spoken of as the greatest which has ever taken place on the continent. It was a grand affair, and suggestive of trials and victories of the Army of the Potomac.
WASHINTON, Tuesday, May 23 — 10 P.M.
The general idea is that the number of troops comprising the Army of the Potomac, reviewed to-day, is about seventy-five thousand. No negro troops were in the procession. From the portico of the Treasury Department to-day, the flag of the Treasury Guard Regiment was displayed, the lower portion tattered and torn, not by battle, but by the spur of BOOTH, the assassin, as he jumped from the box at Ford’s Theatre to the stage, on the night of the assassination. A placard appended stated this fact and it attracted much attention.
Lieut.-Gen. GRANT, accompanied by an orderly only, rode on Pennsylvania-avenue this evening. Crowds of people on the sidewalks cheered him. He lifted his hat in compliment.
Thousands of strangers left the city after the review to-day, but their places have been supplied by at least an equal number, to witness the review of SHERMAN’S army, which is to take place to-morrow. So large is the influx from a distance that many find it impossible to secure lodging accommodations.
We have only time to say of the grand review yesterday at Washington that it was fully equal to public expectation. The day was fair, the crowd more than immense, and as the various divisions and brigades marched through the grand street of the capitol, the memory was busy with their glorious history, and the heart was eloquent beyond the capacity of the tongue with their heroic deeds. Every “battle-field, from the first Bull Run to the surrender of LEE, was gloriously represented; the banners that went through fire to victory were there, and the noble men who survived the leaden storm were proudly marched under them. Now and then, as some gallant officer made a conspicuous part in the procession, the applause became vociferous, and wreaths of laurel and showers of flowers were lavished upon him. So far as our special and general accounts inform us, the first day of the grand review was all that could be expected of national glorification. Nearly 100,000 men honored the country by participating in the grand pageant, and received a mere shadowing of the grateful welcomes that await them at the homes for which they have so bravely and successfully fought.
While the national authorities at Washington were preparing for, and tens of thousands of loyal people were hastening to that city to see the grand parade of our victorious armies, a very different scene was being enacted at Fortress Monroe. There had been cool and roomy cells fitted up in that fort for certain distinguished gentlemen now under the care of the government, and on Monday Mr. JEFFERSON DAVIS, who but a few days ago imagined himself President of a Southern Confederacy, was respectfully invited to occupy a room in that burglar-proof establishment. Mr. ALEXANDER H. STEPHENS, Mr. C.C. CLAY and others of Mr. DAVIS’s friends, were, we presume, similarly accommodated, while Mrs. DAVIS and her children — for whom we are sure no one can fail to express sincere sympathy — were compelled to separrate from the chief prisoner and prepare to go South. The government has thus safely disposed of the heads of the rebellion, and the soil of Virginia is once more the home of the man who made that State almost a desert, and sent thousands of her sons to untimely graves to gratify his unholy ambition.